The city is sited in the alluvial plain between the Tanaro and the Bormida rivers.
Thanks to its central position, in the heart of the Turin-Genoa-Milan industrial area, it is a major highway - A21 and A26 - and railway hub.
Alessandria derives its name from Pope Alexander III and has been the setting of many important battles in the times of Federico Barbarossa and, later, of Napoleon the Battle of Marengo.
Many famous people have linked their history to that of the city: Sibilla Aleramo, writer; Carlo Carrà, painter; Roberto Cotroneo, writer; Umberto Eco, writer; Gene Gnocchi, comedian and writer; Virginia Marini,
actress; Pietro Morando, painter, etc.